Stiff steering.

The steering is stiff after the column was removed and reinstalled.
Experienced mechanics share their insights in answering this question :
My first question would be why the steering column was removed and reinstalled? The steering gear may have been damaged during the reinstallation process. My recommendation would be to have a qualified mechanic do a through check of why the steering gear or column is binding.

How to Identify and Fix Common car Problems ?

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The most common cause of a stiff steering wheel is when you are running low on power steering fluid in your system. Often, this happens when there is a leak in the system from the pressurized hose area. Most of the time, it is due to a cracked or loose hose causing the fluid to leak out.
Heavy steering refers to when the steering wheel of your vehicle becomes stiff, making it difficult to turn. This can be caused by a number of things, such as tyre pressure, lack of fluid oil and tyre alignment.
If your vehicle is only hard to steer when you first turn it on, then you likely have a damaged steering rack. Often this problem will go away when the car warms up, and the rack becomes hot and well lubricated.
The average cost for a BMW 528i Power Steering Pump Replacement is between $794 and $1,506. Labor costs are estimated between $164 and $207 while parts are priced between $630 and $1,300.
Electric steering — stiff steering on one side only

If electric steering is stiff only in one direction the usual cause is that the steering system is out of calibration and the usually fix is recalibrating it with the scan tool. Yes, this one really is that simple.

One thing I realized though is that the tight and stiff steering actually is very nice once you get used to it. The car is very responsive and handles much better than a regular car. When you go around corners you feel the precision and it`s amazing.
Modern BMWs are shockingly heavy, relative to their size and segment. Admittedly, it`s not entirely a BMW problem, as most brands` cars are getting heavier and heavier, due to added safety and tech, however it`s extra noticeable in modern BMWs due to their history of relatively lightweight cars.
If you are having a hard time turning the steering wheel, something is likely wrong with the power steering system. Low power steering fluid in the reservoir might diminish the power assist and is a sign of a leak. A faulty power steering pump or a worn (or broken) serpentine belt could also be the culprit.
This problem can be fixed on your own, but if you`re not sure how to fix electric power steering problems, take it to a certified mechanic.
Answered by CarsGuide. The power steering is an electrical system, so a problem with the battery could affect the power assistance. You should still be able to steer the car even without power assistance. It won`t affect the braking.
you can keep driving with this condition but leaving the deteriorated rack as it is will escalate the problem. Another common cause of steering wheel hard to turn is a cracked or broken serpentine belt. The belt gets worn out over time because it works all the time when you drive the car.
If your vehicle is only hard to steer when you first turn it on, then you likely have a damaged steering rack. Often this problem will go away when the car warms up, and the rack becomes hot and well lubricated.
The steering system is designed to have a hard steering at high speeds to prevent any rollovers. The Dynamic Stability Control or Traction Control is designed to keep the vehicle from over steering when driven at a higher speed.
If your vehicle is only hard to steer when you first turn it on, then you likely have a damaged steering rack. Often this problem will go away when the car warms up, and the rack becomes hot and well lubricated.
This problem can be fixed on your own, but if you`re not sure how to fix electric power steering problems, take it to a certified mechanic.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Power steering stiff when cold
ANSWER : Hello. This can be a sign of a bad pump, but most of the time it is caused by contaminated fluid. If the fluid is old or has any moisture in it then this will occur. I usually flush out the power steering fluid first. I also check the belt. Once it has new fluid and if the belt is fine, then I double check the symptoms. If it continues, then I replace the pump. If you need to have this done, consider YourMechanic, as a certified mechanic can come to your home or office to diagnose the steering and move forward with the proper repairs.

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Very loud pop when turning sharp left leaking transmission or power steering fluid where steering column meet rack
ANSWER : Hi there. If everything else has already been installed from the donor vehicle then it sounds like the high pressure hose is all that you need to install. The hardest part of doing this is the routing. One thing you may also want to double check is that the donor vehicle and your 2003 Escape have the same rack. There are different models depending on the model and the size of your wheels. You need to install the pressure line first, but if it does not line up then you may have the wrong rack installed. If you would like some assistance installing this hose, consider YourMechanic, as a certified mechanic can come to you to [replace your high pressure steering hose] https://www.yourmechanic.com/services/power-steering-pressure-hose-replacement

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My steering is stiff, I just had the power steering pump replaced and it still didn’t fix the problem
ANSWER : Improper vehicle alignment, underinflated tires, and steering linkage defects including mechanical faults in the rack and pinion unit, can all cause hard steering and poor return of the wheel. The pressure line from the pump assembly could have a restriction and that would cause hard steering. Of course, double check pump drive belt tension just in case the issue is a poorly driven pump. Also, you should check the idle-up function for power steering. If that sensor system is not functioning, it could cause hard steering but would not be a cause of the poor wheel return. If you want the necessary diagnostic steps performed by a certified Mechanic, dispatched by YourMechanic right to your location, please request a power steering diagnostic and the responding certified mechanic will get this problem resolved for you. If you have further questions or concerns, do not hesitate to re-contact YourMechanic as we are always here to help you.

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steering wheel very stiff even after fluid was added
ANSWER : Hello. There could be a problem with the power steering pump leaking, one of the power steering hoses leaking, or the rack and pinion leaking. Those would be the 3 major culprits that could be causing issues. Have the entire system looked at by an expert technician. If you want to have this taken care of, a certified mechanic from YourMechanic can come to your home or office to inspect your power steering system for leaks and make the appropriate repairs and adjustments to have this resolved.

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Problem with steering on one side only.
ANSWER : Hi there. The power steering system has a control valve that sends the fluid through the rack and pinion system. The valve maybe plugged up and causing the fluid to not return to the reservoir fast enough.

For the alignment issue, check all of the suspension and see what is loose or could be damaged. I recommend having an alignment performed on the vehicle after replacing any suspension or steering parts. If you need further assistance with your alignment, then seek out a professional, such as one from Your Mechanic, to help you.

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I have a 2006 nissan maxima i put power steering fluid in it but the steering is still very stiff
ANSWER : If there is lack of steering assist, the power steering pump may not be generating adequate hydraulic pressure. Of course check the drive belt first and be sure that there is no trapped air in the system (if the fluid was low, air could have gotten entrained). If the problem persists, the recommended service is a power steering system inspection – hard steering. If you request that service, the responding certified mechanic will get this taken care of for you. If you have further questions or concerns, do not hesitate to re-contact YourMechanic as we are always here to help you.

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Could the power steering pressure sensor cause my steering wheel to be hard or hard to steer?
ANSWER : Hello. The pressure switch (or "sensor") on your vehicle supplies a signal to the engine computer to increase engine idle speed as the power steering line pressure increases. If the switch were bad, what you would notice is the engine stalling or idle speed dropping very low as you turn the wheel toward the extreme left or right position.

If the engine is not slowing or stalling when you turn the wheel, then the switch is probably OK. Among the causes of excessive steering effort are very low tire pressure, low power steering fluid or trapped air in the system, damaged or loose power steering belt, and damaged steering rack.

If you would like to have this resolved, a certified professional from YourMechanic can diagnose your steering issue and follow through with needed repairs.

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Power steering is hard, softens when I accelerate
ANSWER : Well given the symptoms, it sounds like the power steering pump is not putting out adequate pressure. When you replaced the power steering pump, did you use an OEM pump? If not, I would suggest having the power steering pressure checked, and replace the pump with an OEM pump if necessary to ensure the pump is good quality. Also, I know you said the pipes have been replaced, but does that include the pressure hose between the pump and the steering box? If not, that could be an issue as well.

You should also check the front end steering and suspension components, as a failing steering rod or ball joint could be binding, causing the steering to be stiff until it has enough pressure to overcome the bind.

If you want to have the steering problem thoroughly diagnosed, you can contact a qualified professional, such as one from YourMechanic.

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