Reverse doesn’t work

My car doesn't engage when put into reverse but every other gear it moves forward (including park), i adjusted the shift linkage so can't really be the issue unless I did it wrong. I also have an exhaust leak so I've lost alot of power on top of that I'm at such a loss right now

My car has 292113 miles.
My car has an automatic transmission.

Experienced mechanics share their insights in answering this question :
Hello. You can visually observe the manual shift lever on the transmission as an assistant puts it into reverse. You should see the lever move into position. The positions are all within detents so there is a positive stop feel. Reverse operates based on hydraulic pressures just as the forward gears do. If reverse is not functioning, something has malfunctioned internally (clutch pack, piston) and/or the required hydraulic pressure is bleeding off due to a blown or missing seal or o-ring. You could also have a valve body defect in the transmission.

The best thing to do is perform a pressure test and see if that yields an obvious clue (it should, but pressures are sometimes measured as part of a stall test, so this is not a DIY procedure). YourMechanic would be pleased to give you an on-site diagnosis of the shifting issue from which you will have at least an idea of the range of the cost to repair. You have a fairly common transmission, though, that can be rebuilt for less than $2,000 assuming no damage to the internal hard parts. Even an off the shelf already rebuilt unit is less than $2,000 plus labor to install of course. But, again, you should first diagnose what you have to be sure of the issue.

How to Identify and Fix Common car Problems ?

Our sources include academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays from experienced mechanics :

Faulty shifter cable – If your shifter cable is damaged or worn it can cause issues trying to get into gear. Failing transmission – Internal failures inside the transmission such as valves or torque convertor issues could also stop the transmission from shifting properly.
Just as you learned what happens with low transmission fluid, dirty fluid, or a clogged filter can cause similar transmission troubles and create a car that won`t back up in reverse. Improper lubrication from old fluid or debris in contaminated fluid will affect how the transmission shifts into reverse or other gear.
There isn`t a single fix for reverse not working, unfortunately. It could be a small repair like topping up the transmission fluid, or you could need a complete rebuild. Typically, manual transmissions that won`t engage in reverse have an issue with a damaged gear or the shift lockout ring.
Check to see if the brakes are applied and see if the master cylinder is full of brake fluid. If you need further assistance with your vehicle not moving when putting the transmission in drive or reverse, then seek out a professional, such as one from Your Mechanic, to help you.
But if the solenoid malfunctions mechanically, no reverse or delayed and slipping reverse may occur.
The switch prevents the engine from starting when not in park or neutral. This eleiminates the risk of starting an automatic car in drive or reverse mode. Located in the linkage or the transmission box, a bad neutral safety switch can cause irreversible damage to your car`s engine and transmission.
A failing transmission position sensor may no longer send the right signals to the Powertrain Control Module, or PCM. Without signals from the position sensor, the PCM will no longer know when to shift the transmission`s gears out of park into a moving gear. Transmission shifts into the wrong gear.
Transmission Range Sensor (TR)/ Transmission Position Sensor

The PCM uses this information to control which gears of the transmission to enable or disable. When the TR sensor fails it can cause wrong gear starts, no upshifts, or what feels like a falling-out-of-gear condition.

If by chance your vehicle is not equipped with a reverse inhibitor, or it is malfunctioning or broken, putting your automatic transmission in reverse while driving will more than likely stall the engine.
Transmission won`t engage or stay in gear

If when you put your vehicle into gear and it won`t move, this may be a problem with low transmission fluid due to a leak, the shifter, shifter cable, or it could even be a problem in the valve body of your automatic transmission.

If you look at the solenoid application chart in Figure 1, you`ll find that only shift solenoid F (SSF) is on in the reverse position. SSF is on the secondary valve body and controls the position of the 4-5 shift valve.
The reverse flow solenoid has a third port that redirects the fluid to the master cylinder that would be going to the trailer brakes. When the reverse lights on the tow vehicle activate the solenoid, the valve inside the solenoid redirects the brake fluid to return to the master cylinder.
However, a defective speed sensor is viable by an illuminated warning light on the dashboard, signalling that it`s time to repair or replace the speed sensor. These are the major causes that hamper the transmission system, due to which the car won`t go in reverse sometimes.
A surefire sign of a failing torque converter is when the vehicle won`t shift into a specific gear at all. If you can`t get it to go into reverse or forward drive won`t engage, then it`s probably something wrong with your torque converter.
A transmission that does not go into reverse can be caused by a wide variety of different issues, and could be related to the fluid leak you are experiencing. A few common causes for a transmission that will not go into reverse is a faulty transmission solenoid or low fluid.
For example, in some situations an oxygen sensor can cause poor shifting in your transmission – if the engine isn`t running correctly, the transmission control module may misinterpret when and where it`s supposed to be shifting, causing erratic behavior at the transmission.
A car has two speed sensors: the ISS and the OSS, working together to show the transmission data to the car`s powertrain module. The ISS sensor monitors the input shaft`s speed. If these sensors get misaligned, the operation of the transmission system will be affected.
Disconnect the sensor from the housing on the transmission, as indicated in the repair manual for your car. Disconnect the sensor`s wire coupling. Using the multimeter`s voltmeter connect the probes to the ground and reference wires in the connector. If no voltage is received, the sensor is faulty.
The TCM fuse is in the main fuse block and is probably 10 amps. If the fuse is blown, that is confirmation but the faulty fuse means there is a short circuit in the TCM and/or wiring that would have to be traced and repaired.
Problems With The Transmission Fluid

If your car won`t reverse properly, check your fluid. If the level is too low, top it up and see if that helps. Also, look at the fluid and give it a whiff. Good automatic transmission fluid is largely translucent with a slight reddish hue and it is neutral smelling.

The type of symptoms you are describing (with the reverse problems) are typically caused by obstruction of debris in the hydraulic lines of the transmission – so a flush and filter change is likely going to clear up your issue.
You experience delayed gear shifting and a sense of pulling or slipping when trying to shift between gears. The vehicle will not downshift as you slow down. An inability for the solenoid valve to operate may prevent your car from downshifting, and the engine will continue to rev as you attempt to brake.
When the transmission fluid isn`t clean or is blocked by a clogged filter, the internal components won`t have the lubrication they require to function properly. This could lead to shifting issues, grinding gears, slipping transmission or other common symptoms of transmission problems.
To test the torque converter, you must step on the pedal to the floor and accelerate your engine for up to five seconds. The reading for the revolutions per minute (RPM) will max out at the stall speed.

Relevant Questions and Answers :

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

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ANSWER : Hi there. Sure would appear a lot is going on electrically all at once. This could be, a problem in the PDC (power distribution center). The PDC is typically located under the hood and contains numerous fuses and relays. I don’t believe any one fuse will resolve all of the electrical issues. There is a possibility, it is not a power supply issue. It may be, the result of a poor electrical ground common to the inoperative components. Proper circuit testing should be performed. This would confirm the cause of multiple electrical failures. I recommend having your vehicle’s electrical problems be diagnosed and repaired by a certified technician, such as one from YourMechanic.

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All dashboard lights and tail lights do not work after driving through a lot of snow. Headlights work. And brake lights work.
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the main fuse under the hood should be inspected because other people with your particular vehicle have had similar lighting issues if that fuse goes bad. It will be a great idea to check the rest of the fuses in that area too while checking the main fuse. Once the fuses are checked inside of the main fuse box then I would check the fuses inside of their interior fuse box. The interior fuse box should be located on the driver side of the dashboard near where your legs would be. If you need more assistance with repairing your vehicle please keep in mind that our organization provides Mobile Mechanics who can help you diagnose and repair your vehicle, all at competitive rates.

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Windshield wipers stopped working. They’ll suddenly stop working then suddenly start working again. Has been happening for a week.
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Reverse doesn’t work? Could it be solenoid?
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If you would like help, consider having an expert automotive technician from YourMechanic come to your home or office to inspect and diagnose this issue for you, and make any repairs as needed.

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My passenger side window doesn’t work. Put in a new regulator that wasn’t the problem. The window doesn’t go up or down from the
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